Brief History of Himachal Pradesh (Part - 1)

In our previous posts, we talked about Literacy rate of Himachal, and Chamba Agitation.

Today we will discuss about the history of Himachal Pradesh.

In this post, we are giving you the brief idea about history of Himachal Pradesh. 

3000-2500 B.C. – Aryans from the Central Asia came in contact with the Himachal areas after crossing Purushani (Ravi) and reached Arijikiya (Beas). The Aryan King Divodas defeated the Kirat’s King Sambhar in the war which lasted forty years. This war found mention in the Rigveda.

327 B.C. – The Macedonia and allied people under the leadership of Alexander the Great invaded Punjab and by September 326 B.C. reached upto the right bank of the Hyphasis (Beas) river where he erected twelve huge Altars to mark the farthest point of his advance.

500 A.D. – Kullu state ruled by Raja Brahmpal .

550 A.D.Maru Verman founded Chamba Dominion.

630 A.D. – Battle between Hindur and Bilaspur.

697 A.D.Bir Chand Chandel founded Kehloor Dominion .

765 A.D. – Suket state was founded by Bir Sen.

765 A.D. – Keonthal state was founded by Giri Sen.

900 A.D. – Bilaspur state was founded by Bir Chand of Chanderi (Bundelkhand), with its capital at Naina Devi, which was later shifted to Bilaspur.

920 A.D. – Sahil Varman founded Chamba town.

1000 A.D. – Tomar Rajput Jethal founded Nurpur state with its capital at Pratistan (now called Pathankot).

1009 A.D.Mehmood Ghaznavi plundered the Kangra fort during the fourth expedition.

1100 A.D. – Ajay Chand founded Hindur (Nalagarh Dominion), which is an offshoot of Bilaspur.

1139 A.D. – Raja Rasalu founded Sirmaur state.

1154 A.D. – Abhoj Deo founded Kunihar dominion with capital at Hatkoti.

1170 A.D. – Purab Chand founded Jaswan state with capital at Rajpura (near Amb, District Una).

1200 A.D. – 1) Bahu Sen founded Mandi state, which was an offshoot of Suket State.

2) Brahaman Jaspal founded Kuthehar State.

1337 A.D. – Kangra fort (also known as Nagarkot or Bhimkot) was captured by Mohhamad Bin Tuglak.

1365 A.D.Feroz Shah Tuglak besieged the fortress Nagarkot which lasted six months before Rai Rup Chand, the Ruler of Kangra surrended. He also plundered the Jawalamukhi Temple and took away around 300 volumes of Sanskrit books. The famous writer of the age, Aazz-ud-din Khalid Khani translated these books into Persian verse under the title, Dalai-e-Firoz Shahi.

1379 A.D. – Sirmaur State came under the control of Feroz Shah Tuglak. He made it his tributary.

1398 A.D. – At that time Megh Chand (1390-1405 A.D.) Timur-i-Lang invaded the lower Kangra hill states. ......continue reading 


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Author: Karun

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