Indian Space Research Organisation (S&T)



Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of Indian government established on August 15, 1969. The founding father of ISRO is Vikram Sarabhai.

For the realization of its objectives Indian Space Research Organisation has developed a sound infracture which consists of the following:

Headquarters: The ISRO council and ISRO Headquarters at Bangalore, provide the overall guidance and direction to the scientific, technological and managerial tasks. 

1. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC): The VSSC at Thiruvananthapuram, is the lead center of all rocket and launch vehicle programmes.

2. ISRO Satellite Center (ISAC): The ISAC at Bangalore is the lead center for satellite technology.

3. Sriharikota High Altitude Range Center (SHAR): The SHAR center located at Sriharikota island (Andhra Pradesh), about 100 km north of Chennai, is the main launch center of ISRO.

4. Liquid Propulsion System Center (LPSC), Thiruvananthapuram: LPSC is responsible for the development of Liquid and Cryogenic propulsion stages for both launch vehicles and satellites. The test facilities are located at Mahendragiri in Tamilnadu.


5. Space Application Center (SAC): SAC, Ahmedabad, conducts space applications research and development.


6. Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU): DECU, Ahmedabad, is involved in the planning, conception, definition, implementation and socioeconomic evaluation of space application. 

7. ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC): Prime responsibility of ISTRAC is to provide mission support to near-earth satellites and launch vehicle mission. An integrated network of ground stations at Bangalore, Lucknow, Port-Blair, Sriharikota, Thiruvananthapuram and Mauritius has been established by ISTRAC with the multi-mission Spacecraft Control Center at Bangalore.

8. INSAT Master Control Facility (MCF): MCF located at Hassan in Karnataka is responsible all post launching operations of INSAT satellite including orbit manoeuvres, station keeping and on-orbital operation of the spacecraft.

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Author: Karun Bharmoria

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